Admiralty law also encompasses specialised issues such as salvage, maritime liens, and injuries to passengers. Family law covers marriage and divorce proceedings, the rights of children and rights to property and money in the event of separation. Evidence law involves which materials are admissible in courts for a case to be built. In exceptional circumstances defences can apply to specific acts, such as killing in self defence, or pleading insanity.
- In the EU, sovereign nations have gathered their authority in a system of courts and the European Parliament.
- Constitution, U.S. laws, rules or regulations, or a treaty signed by the U.S., and the federal courts have exclusive jurisdiction, then the case must be litigated in federal court.
- There are few titles of respect to signify famous lawyers, such as Esquire, to indicate barristers of greater dignity, and Doctor of law, to indicate a person who obtained a PhD in Law.