Health

IVF- All You Need To Know

A woman’s egg and sperm are normally fertilized within her body. A baby is born about 9 months after the fertilized egg attaches to the womb lining and continues to develop. Normal or unassisted conception is the name given to this process.   

“IVF (in vitro fertilization) is a form of assisted reproductive technology (ART). This refers to the use of specialized medical procedures to assist a woman in becoming pregnant. It’s usually used when other, less costly fertility treatments have failed.”-Says infertility specialists from Nisha IVF which is one of the best IVF clinic in Ahmedabad. In this article the specialists will help you to understand the process & its risks. They will be also sharing the cost of IVF in Ahmedabad as this treatment method is quite cheaper there due to the easy availability of necessary equipments & trained professionals.  

IVF can be broken down into five basic steps:   

Step 1: Stimulation   

Fertility drugs are medicines that are administered to a woman to help her produce more eggs. A woman normally produces one egg per month. Fertility medications instruct the ovaries to release multiple eggs. The woman will have regular transvaginal ultrasounds to examine her ovaries and blood tests to check her hormone levels during this point.   

Step 2: Obtaining the eggs   

The eggs are removed from the woman’s body using a small operation called follicular aspiration. The majority of the time, the surgery is performed in the doctor’s office. The woman will be given painkillers so that she does not experience any discomfort during the operation. A thin needle is inserted through the vaginal wall into the ovary and sacs (follicles) containing the eggs, using ultrasound images as a reference. The needle is attached to a suction system that extracts the eggs and fluid from each follicle one by one. The operation is carried out on the other ovary as well. After the treatment, there might be some cramping, but it should go away within a day. A pelvic laparoscopy may be needed in rare cases to extract the eggs. Donated eggs can be used if a woman is unable to produce her own eggs.   

Step 3: Fertilization and Insemination   

The highest quality eggs are mixed with the man’s sperm. Insemination is the process of combining sperm and egg. The eggs and sperm are then held in a climate-controlled chamber. A few hours after insemination, the sperm normally enters (fertilizes) an egg. If the doctor believes there is a low risk of fertilization, the sperm may be inserted directly into the egg. Even if all seems to be fine, several fertility clinics perform ICSI on some of the embryos.   

Step 4: Embryo culture  

An embryo is created when a fertilized egg divides. The embryo will be tested on a regular basis by laboratory personnel to ensure that it is developing properly. A typical embryo has many cells that are actively dividing after around 5 days. Pre-implantation genetic testing is an option for couples who are concerned about transferring a genetic (hereditary) condition to their infant (PGD). The procedure is typically performed three to five days after fertilization. Each embryo is sampled for a single cell or cells, which are then screened for particular genetic disorders.   

Step 5: Embryo transfer  

3 to 5 days after egg collection and fertilization, embryos are implanted into the woman’s womb. The operation is performed when the woman is awake in the doctor’s office. A thin tube (catheter) containing the embryos is inserted into the woman’s vagina, through the cervix, and up into the womb by the doctor. Pregnancy occurs when an embryo adheres to (implants) and develops in the womb lining. Multiple embryos may be implanted at the same time in the womb, resulting in twins, triplets, or more. The precise number of embryos transferred is a complicated problem that is determined by a number of factors, including the woman’s age. Embryos that are not used can be frozen and inserted or donated at a later time.   

Cost Of IVF In Ahmedabad  

Treatments Cost in Rupees 
IUI 5000 – 15000 
IVF 80000 – 150000 
ICSI 100000 – 170000 

Risks   

IVF necessitates a considerable amount of physical and emotional energy, as well as time and resources. Infertility causes stress and depression in many couples.   

Bloating, stomach pain, mood swings, headaches, and other side effects are common in women who take fertility medications. Bruising may occur as a result of repeated IVF injections.   

Fertility drugs can cause ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome in some people (OHSS). A accumulation of fluid in the abdomen and chest is caused by this disease. Abdominal discomfort, bloating, rapid weight gain (10 pounds or 4.5 kilograms in 3 to 5 days), reduced urination while consuming plenty of water, nausea, vomiting, and shortness of breath are some of the symptoms. Bed rest can be used to treat mild cases. In more extreme cases, the fluid may be drained with a needle and the patient will need to be admitted to the hospital.   

Reactions to anesthesia, bleeding, infection, and damage to tissues around the ovaries, such as the bowel and bladder, are all risks associated with egg retrieval.   

When more than one embryo is inserted into the womb, the possibility of multiple pregnancies increases. Premature birth and low birth weight are more common when more than one baby is carried at the same time.